Improving the ability to understand the concept of building space through PMRI-based with the help of smart classroom applications for students of primary school

Nur Cahaya Wigati(1), Pinta Deniyanti Sampoerno(2), Meiliasari Meiliasari(3), Jaka Wijaya Kusuma(4Mail),
(1) Postgraduate in Mathematics Education, State University of Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia
(2) Postgraduate in Mathematics Education, State University of Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia
(3) Postgraduate in Mathematics Education, State University of Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia
(4) Department of Mathematics Education, Universitas Bina Bangsa, Banten, Indonesia

Mail Corresponding Author

Abstract


The quality of education must be improved in order to create quality education. The Covid-19 virus that has infected most Indonesians since early March 2020 has impacted all areas of community movement. Restrictions on personal activities until the Implementation of Community Activity Restrictions (PPKM) began to be enforced. Physical distancing is one of the efforts made to limit community interaction. The government also decided to disburse students and shift schools' teaching and learning process to at home. Distance learning or online learning requires all school residents to work more actively in teaching and learning activities. The ability to understand concepts is one of the skills that are expected to be achieved in mathematics subjects. This study aims to determine the application of learning with the PMRI Approach assisted by the Smart Classroom application in improving the ability to understand the concept of building a classroom for grade V students of SDN Jakamulya III Bekasi City. This research was conducted quantitatively with 6 subjects as the object of study. The results of the study show that there is an increase in mathematics learning with the PMRI approach with the help of the Smart Classroom application. The results showed that the PMRI  approach assisted by the Smart Classroom application for mathematics subjects in grade V elementary schools could help students understand the concept of building spaces. This is shown by the increase in positive responses from the start of cycles I, II, and III in scoring and interviews. Students are happy and facilitate learning through the Smart Classroom app. Moreover, there are online and offline learning systems and hybrid learning.


Keywords


Grade 5; Elementary School Students; Smart Classroom Application; PMRI; Concept of Building Space;

   

Article DOI



DOI: https://doi.org/10.33122/ijtmer.v5i2.135
       

Article Metrics

 Abstract views : 82 
 PDF views : 25 


   

Article Pages


Pages: 154-161

   

Full Text:

PDF

References


Afrilianto, M. (2012). Peningkatan Pemahaman Konsep dan Kompetensi Strategis Matematis Siswa SMP dengan Pendekatan Metaphorical Thinking. Infinity Journal, 1(2), 192-202.

Agusta, E. S. (2020). Peningkatan Kemampuan Pemahaman Konsep Keliling dan Luas Bangun Datar Pada Siswa Kelas VII-2 MTsN 28 Jakarta dengan Menggunakan Alat Peraga. Wawasan: Jurnal Kediklatan Balai Diklat Keagamaan, 1(2), 38-46.

Agusta, E. S. (2020). Peningkatan Kemampuan Matematis Siswa Melalui Pendekatan Pendidikan Matematika Realistik. Algoritma: Journal of Mathematics Education, 2(2), 145-165.

Amalia, Dora. (2016). Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia.5th Edition. Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaaan Bahasa.

Arsyad, Azhar. (2017). Media Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

Asiyah, S. (2012). Usaha Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Matematika Melalui Metode Guided Note Taking (GNT) Pada Siswa Kelas IV SD Negeri Jeruk I Kecamatan Miri Kabupaten Sragen tahun pelajaran 2011/2012 (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta).

Astiti, N. M. (2015). Analisa dan Perancangan Aplikasi Pembelajaran Matematika Berbasis Android. Proceedings Konferensi Nasional Sistem dan Informatika (KNS&I).

Bodner, G. M. (1986). Constructivism: A Theory of Knowledge. Journal of chemical education, 63(10), 873.

Duffin, J. M., & Simpson, A. P. (2000). A Search for Understanding. The Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 18(4), 415-427.

Fatqurhohman, F. (2016). Pemahaman Konsep Matematika Siswa dalam Menyelesaikan Masalah Bangun Datar. JIPM (Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika), 4(2), 127-133.

Gerlach, V. S., Ely, D. P., & Melnick, R. (1980). Teaching and Media. Prentice-Hall.

Gravemeijer, K., & Doorman, M. (1999). Context Problems in Realistic Mathematics Education: A Calculus Course as An Example. Educational studies in mathematics, 39(1), 111-129.

Gunawan, I. (2013). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Hakim, A. R., & Windayana, H. (2016). Pengaruh Penggunaan Multimedia Interaktif dalam Pembelajaran Matematika Untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Siswa SD. EduHumaniora Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar Kampus Cibiru, 4(2).

Hj, S. R. B., & Idris, N. (2013). A Model to Identify The Level of Numeracy Understanding of Primary School Pupils: A Case Study. International Journal of Computer Applications, 67(5).

Iskandar, A., Sudirman, A., Safitri, M., Sulaiman, O. K., Ramadhani, R., Wahyuni, D., & Simarmata, J. (2020). Aplikasi Pembelajaran Berbasis TIK. Jakarta: Yayasan Kita Menulis.

Kesumawati, N. (2008). Pemahaman Konsep Matematik dalam Pembelajaran Matematika. Semnas Matematika dan Pendidikan Matematika, 2(3). 231-234.

Kurikulum, P., Depdiknas, B., & No, J. G. S. R. (2006). Pengembangan Model Pendidikan Kecakapan Hidup. Jakarta: Depdiknas.

Makonye, J. P. (2014). Teaching Functions Using a Realistic Mathematics Education Approach: A Theoretical Perspective. International Journal of Educational Sciences, 7(3), 653-662.

Milles, M. B., & Hubberman, A. M. (1992). Analisis Data Kualitatif, Terjemahan oleh Tjetjep Rohidi dan Mulyarto. Jakarta: UI Percetakan.

Muhammad, A. (2013). Model dan Metode Pembelajaran di Sekolah. Semarang: Unissula Pers.

Musthafa, R. A., Sunardi, S., & Fatahillah, A. (2014). Analisis tingkat kemampuan penalaran siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita materi FPB dan KPK kelas VII B SMP Negeri 10 Jember. Jurnal Edukasi, 1(3).1-6.

Ningsih, S. (2014). Realistic Mathematics Education: Model Alternatif Pembelajaran Matematika Sekolah. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 1(2), 73-94.

Novitasari, D. (2016). Pengaruh Penggunaan Multimedia Interaktif Terhadap Kemampuan Pemahaman Konsep Matematis Siswa. Fibonacci: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Dan Matematika, 2(2), 8-18.

Nugraha, M. F., Hendrawan, B., Pratiwi, A. S., Permana, R., Saleh, Y. T., Nurfitri, M., & Husen, W. R. (2020). Pengantar Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran di Sekolah Dasar. Edu Publisher.

Nurhasanah, S. (2016). Peningkatan Karakter Toleransi Siswa Terhadap Warga Kelas Melalui Penerapan Belajar Bermakna dalam Pembelajaran Sejarah. (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia).

Omer Beydogan, H., & Hayran, Z. (2015). The Effect of Multimedia-Based Learning on Students' Concept Learning Levels and Attitudes. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 15(60), 261-279.

Pitaloka, Y. D., Susilo, B. E., & Mulyono, M. (2012). Keefektifan Model Pembelajaran Matematika Realistik Indonesia Terhadap Kemampuan Pemahaman Konsep Matematika. Unnes Journal of Mathematics Education, 1(2).

Prasesti, E. W. (2015). Aplikasi Pembelajaran Matematika Sekolah Dasar Berbasis Android (Doctoral dissertation, Teknik Informatika).

Sardiman, A.M. (2008). Interaksi & Motivasi Belajar Mengajar. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

Sari, P. (2017). Pemahaman Konsep Matematika Siswa Pada Materi Besar Sudut Melalui Pendekatan PMRI. Jurnal Gantang, 2(1), 41-50.

Sarjiman, P. (2006). Peningkatan Pemahaman Rumus Geometri Melalui Pendekatan Realistik di Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan, (1).

Sembiring, R. K. (2010). Pendidikan Matematika Realistik Indonesia (PMRI): Perkembangan dan Tantangannya. Journal on Mathematics Education, 1(1), 11-16.

Smaldino, S. E., Russell, J. D., Heinich, R., & Molenda, M. (2005). Instructional Media and Technologies for Learning (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Soedjadi, R. (2007). Inti Dasar-Dasar Pendidikan Matematika Realistik Indonesia. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 1(2), 1-10.

Stephan, M., Underwood-Gregg, D.,& Yackel, E. (2014). Guided Reinvention: What is it and How do Teachers Learn This Teaching Approach?. In Transforming mathematics instruction (pp. 37-57).

Springer, Cham. Supriyono, S. (2019). Pentingnya Media Pembelajaran Untuk Meningkatkan Minat Belajar Siswa SD. Edustream: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar, 2(1), 43-48.

Surat Edaran Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan No. 4 Tahun 2020 Tentang Pelaksanaan Kebijakan Pendidikan dalam Masa Darurat Penyebaran Corona Virus Disease (Covid-19).

Surat Edaran Menteri Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara dan Reformasi Birokrasi No. 67 Tahun 2020 (Perubahan SE MenPANRB no. 58 Tahun 2020) Tentang Sistem Kerja Pegawai Aparatur Sipil Negara dalam Tatanan Normal Baru.

Suryadi, A., & Berdiati, I. (2018). Menggagas Penelitian Tindakan Kelas Bagi Guru. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakaraya.

Susilana, R. dan Riyana, C. (2009). Media Pembelajaran. Bandung: CV. Wacana Prima.

Swafford, J., & Findell, B. (2001). Adding it up: Helping children learn mathematics (Vol. 2101). J. Kilpatrick, & National research council (Eds.). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Syahputri, N. (2018). Rancang Bangun Media Pembelajaran Matematika Sekolah Dasar Kelas 1 Menggunakan Metode Demonstrasi. Jurnal Sistem Informasi Kaputama (JSIK), 2(1).

Tomal, D. R. (2010). Action Research for Educators. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Umayah, Y. (2019). Penerapan Model Discovery Learning dalam Mengatasi Kecemasan Matematika Siswa SMP. GAUSS: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 2(2), 74-84.

Van den Heuvel-Panhuizen, M., & Drijvers, P. (2020). Realistic Mathematics Education Encycl. Math. Educ, 713-717.

Vui, T. (2001). Practice Trends and Issues in the Teaching and Learning of Mathematics in the Countries. Penang: Seameo-Recsam.

Warsita, B. (2018). Teori Belajar Robert M. Gagne dan Implikasinya Pada Pentingnya Pusat Sumber Belajar. Jurnal teknodik, 12(1), 064-078.

Widayati, A. (2008). Penelitian Tindakan Kelas. Jurnal Pendidikan Akuntansi Indonesia, 6(1).

Widyastuti, N. S., & Pujiastuti, P. (2014). Pengaruh Pendidikan Matematika Realistik Indonesia (PMRI) Terhadap Pemahaman Konsep dan Berpikir Logis Siswa. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, 2(2), 183-193.

Wiraatmadja, R. (2014). Metode Penelitian Tindakan Kelas. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Wiriatmadja, R. (2008). Strategi Penelitian Tindakan Kelas Untuk Meningkatkan Kinerja Guru Dan Dosen. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Yuniarti, Y. (2016). Pendidikan Matematika Realistik Indinesia (PMRI) Untuk Meninghkatkan Pemahaman Konsep Geometri Di sekolah Dasar. EduHumaniora| Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar Kampus Cibiru, 3(2).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Nur Cahaya Wigati, Pinta Deniyanti Sampoerno, Meiliasari, Jaka Wijaya Kusuma

International Journal of Trends in Mathematics Education Research (IJTMER)

E-ISSN 2621-8488

Published by the SAINTIS Publishing
Homepage: http://ijtmer.saintispub.com/index.php/ijtmer/index
Editor E-mail : ijtmer@saintispub.com; ijtmer@gmail.com

Creative Commons License  IJTMER is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.